CSS Gradient Background

In this tutorial I'll show you how to create a CSS gradient background.

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Creating a visual gradient background just like the one on the Adobe website with one easy CSS rule.

Step 1.

Create a new graphic file with Fireworks (or another graphic tool) with the following dimensions:

  • width: 1px
  • height: 1000px

Insert a rectangle with the same dimensions and use the gradient tool to create the gradient (see fig.1). Change your colors as desired.

  figure 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The important thing is that you choose a "web-safe color" for the end color (bottom), because we are going to define this color in our webpage as the background color as well (considering lower resolution screens).

Export this file in the JPEG format and save it in your site root.

STEP 2.

Now open up a document and create a new CSS rule within Dreamweaver (see fig.2 and 3).

Choose the BODY tag and define this in a separate CSS or in the current document only.

figure 2.

 

 

 

 

 

Choose the category "background" and choose the same background color as the end color of your graphic file. Choose your just created gradient JPEG file. Choose repeat-x as repeat method (horizontal repeat) and apply the rule to the page.

figure 3.

 

The resulting CSS code in your document will look like this:

<style type="text/css">
<!--
body {
background-color: #CCCCCC;
background-image: url(images/gradient_bkg.jpg);
background-repeat: repeat-x;
}
-->
</style>

You should already see the effect in your document within Dreamweaver (create a table with a height of 1200px to see the effect).

That's it.

Tip:
Create an extra step in your gradient to make it look "smoother" (red circle):

Note:
making the path to the gradient JPEG absolute will make it also work in older Netscape browser versions. I haven't tested it on all browsers!

 

Marcellino Bommezijn

Marcellino BommezijnMarcellino Bommezijn is one of the managers at dmxzone.com. He is a contributor on the tutorials section.

Owner of Senzes Media (http://www.activecontent.nl) which provides professional services and web applications for mid-sized companies.

ActiveContent CMS is the ASP.NET Content Management solution that is used for building professional and rich-featured websites.

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Comments
goin' it all the way
January 2, 2004 by Justin Reid

Nice tutorial, though if using CSS why not go all out?

<STYLE TYPE="text/css">
<!--
BODY {
    filter:progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.Gradient(endColorstr='#BDBABD', startColorstr='#9C969C', gradientType='0');
}
-->
</STYLE>


I know this is only an IE filter, though I'm sure the Alpha filter can be adapted.

Love your work...

RE: Demo link
January 2, 2004 by Marcellino Bommezijn

Demo is back on-line again!

RE: RE: Demo link not working
September 26, 2003 by John Gomez
Yes, I AM the dope.  I didn't realize the "blank" screen WAS the gradient until I scrolled down and saw the change.  It looked like a blank screen to me.  I look forward to trying this out.  Thanks!!!